Pros And Cons Of Buying Commercial Roofing

Helpful Roof Maintenance Tips

Your home’s roofing is a major investment and you want it to hold up strongly for as long as possible. By taking some basic preventative measures, you can potentially extend the life of your roofing. Here’s a look at tips for roof maintenance.

Keep Gutters Clean

If your gutters are filled with leaves and other debris, then they may not be able to properly send away water. In such a scenario, water could spill over onto the roof, which could increase the risk of a roof leak occurring.

Trim Nearby Trees

Tall trees are a beautiful property feature, but they can pose a hazard to your roof if they are dropping significant amounts of twigs and cones, which could trap water.

Visual Inspection

Twice yearly, it’s a good idea to get up on the ladder and check your roofing for issues such as missing/damaged shingles, broken gutters, missing flashing, and piles of granules.

Seal Off Potential Nesting Sites

Your roof eaves could potentially provide ideal nesting sites for a variety of unwanted creatures. You’ll want to look for openings and seal them off as necessary.

 

COMMERCIAL ROOFING CONTRACTORS: SELECTING THE RIGHT ONE FOR YOUR BUSINESS

Business building roofs such as complexes, retail shops, warehouses and even offices require a professional roofing contractor in order to ensure the quality and efficiency of output. Since these roofs differ in sizes, shapes and materials, it is helpful to ask an experts opinion on which best types of roofs suit your business establishment.

Finding the fitting commercial roofing contractor might be a little difficult due to the increased competition of equally good contractors in the market today. It is best to read tips and guidelines on how to select the best people for the job to avoid wasting time, money and effort altogether.

The first thing that you need to do is ascertain the legitimacy of the contractors you’re eyeing at working with; this helps warrant the work they do. Moreover, legal commercial roofing companies have verifiable addresses and work history that could be helpful in establishing credibility and even assurance of quality workmanship. You need to be cautious of companies or contractors that hesitate on providing certification proofs; a reliable and truthful commercial roofing contractor is one who’s prepared to make available legal information and written proposal since they have nothing to hide.

Second, you need to establish and consider the outcome you have envisioned for the contractor to achieve. Having the commercial roofing contractor see your desired result will lead you both to the same direction. Also, try not to hesitate in asking questions and clarifications to your contractor; many of them specialize in certain types of commercial roofing, thus, asking them queries about such can give them time to study, research and even ask other professional commercial roofing contractors in case they have little knowledge on the matter.

Third, verifying the contractor’s previous works through people who have had earlier involvement with them could arrange for a great appraisal on your part. You can simply ask around the neighbourhood, or better yet check out their work profile or online customer feedback sites. People prove most contractors’ trustworthiness according to what previous clients have to say about them. It’s the common SOP people do nowadays.

 

HELPFUL TIPS ON HANDLING STORM ROOF DAMAGE

The first thing you should do after a storm hits your area is ensure your family’s safety and make sure you have emergency supplies. Shelter is also critical, so if your roof appears to be damaged, here are some tips from your trusted residential roofing expert on what to do.

Inspect Your Roof

If your roof has sustained significant damage, keep your family away from the affected area, perhaps even have your kids stay at a friend or family member’s home while you deal with your roof. You can inspect your roof from the ground with a pair of binoculars, so keep your own safety in mind and leave the roof-climbing to roofing professionals.

In addition to impact damage, note signs of wind damage at the roof edges. Other areas you should check are the valleys, dormers and pipes – areas where flashing would be. Inspect all the ceilings in your home and note any leaks. Knowing the extent of the storm damage can help you determine whether repair, re roofing or roof replacement is the best solution.

Avoid Storm Chasers

Storm chasers are transient roofing contractors that typically arrive after storms. They prey on homeowners who are desperate to have a shelter over their heads, and thus offer what can only be described as cleverly disguised hack jobs. For example, the roof might look like it’s fixed, but will come apart a few weeks down the line. By then, these shoddy roofers will be long gone. In situations like this, it’s better to entrust your home to local, established professionals.

Contact Your Insurance Agent

A homeowner’s insurance agent and a roofing professional will assess the extent of the repair work needed and provide a written estimate. Coordinating between the two can be complicated, which is why you need to hire a contractor with extensive experience navigating the insurance claims process. This helps ensure you get the compensation you deserve

 

What You Need to Know About Commercial Roof Maintenance

Commercial roofs are meant to be functional and durable. Depending on the roofing material used, with proper maintenance, a roof put on a commercial building can last anywhere between 20 and 50 years.

Have Your Roof Carefully Inspected

Though you likely won’t be getting on your roof regularly, it is still useful to know what types of problems roofing contractors are looking for when they inspect your commercial roof. The problems will vary depending on the type of roofing material that you chose, so an experienced contractor will use a detailed checklist tailored to the needs of your roof.

Here are a few problems that are sure to be included on those lists:

Flat roofs are prone to leaks and surface degradation due to weathering, so you should look out for granular loss, bending, holes and punctures.

You’ll need to examine a shingled roof for granular loss, curling and bending.

Metal roofs should be checked for rust and corrosion as well as loose, bent or damaged panels.

If you come across chips or cracks in your tile roof, you’ll need to call a roofing professional to further inspect it

Correct Problems Right Away

Having your roof inspected is only the first step. Following the inspection, you need to prioritize any recommended repairs to ensure your roof is not further damaged. Typically, contractors will prepare a detailed report that notes any deficiencies and provide you with cost estimates. This allows property managers and business owners to plan and budget for their repairs.

Keep Detailed Records

When you visit your doctor for a check-up, the doctor or nurse will have your medical records handy to ensure they can give an adequate assessment about what is ailing you. The same concept should be applied to your roof when asking a contractor to give you an assessment on your roof’s health.

 

Helpful Tips in Finding Legit Roofing Companies

Nowadays, it’s hard to come by a trustworthy company that can provide you with your roofing needs. However, do not let this discourage you. There are still a number of legit roofing companies that will not take advantage of you. The key is knowing how to find them.

Check for business licenses This is the best way to confirm the legitimacy of a roofing company. Simply, check if they have a business license to operate. This will verify that they have fulfilled all legal requirements that are imposed by the state.

Find out about their insurance When a company is bonded, you’ll be secured that you are protected financially. This means that the company will not run away without completing the job. Roofing companies that are insured, on the other hand, makes sure that the contractors are covered for any liability issues that can come up during the working period. In this way, the company will less likely to blame you for the accident and demand that you pay the hospital expenses.

Always remember that a legitimate roofing company will always have up-to-date bonding and insurance. However, it is so easy for any roofing company to claim that they have these. Be smart enough to confirm these claims by asking them for a physical copy to serve as evidence.

Ask Questions Responsible and trustworthy roofing companies are likely to have a list of references you can contact to inquire about the quality of their work. Bee sure to call and check multiple references, not just one or two. This allows you to fully understand the services that the roofing company really has to offer. Don’t hesitate to ask questions, particularly about the roofer’s project-related behavior and consistency.

How Sewer Trenchless Pipe Replace Lining Is Done

Sewer Line Belly Vs Pipe Channeling

Sewer line belly vs. pipe channeling – are you wondering what’s wrong with your pipes? What does each diagnosis mean for your property and what repair options do you have?

You might not think the difference between having a sewer line belly or a pipe channeling diagnosis will ever impact you. After all, most people call a specialist to provide a solution and don’t worry too much about the details of the problem. Still, it’s a good idea to understand the difference and what’s involved in each situation. Once you understand the meaning of each condition, you can make the choice in the most appropriate and cost-effective repair options for your sewer line.

What is a sewer line belly?

A belly is a sag in the pipe that bows downward, creating a negative slope. Once a sag develops, the flow of the wastewater is no longer effective. Some of the wastewater will move across the belly normally. The rest gets trapped inside the sag, becoming stagnant over time. When more wastewater enters the pipe, it strikes against the stagnant water, slowing or blocking its movement. Over time, particles of waste accumulate in the belly, creating a solid clog. Eventually, the entire pipe could become clogged. With a belly, you will usually have problems with wastewater not draining out.

Sewer belly causes

Several external and internal forces can lead to a sewer line belly. If something causes the soil on the outside of the pipe to shift, it may cause the pipe to change shape. Sometimes specialists cut corners during the sewer line installation, keeping it from working effectively. If the line breaks at the joints, the pipe can take on a different shape, potentially creating a belly.

Some specialists only recommend repairing a sewer line belly if it’s causing a problem. They may suggest letting it go if there’s little to no risk that it will get worse. The problem is that the problem has already advanced to this level. Who knows how much or when it will turn into a more serious problem?

The reason many homeowners prefer to take a ‘wait-and-see’ approach is that the only repair method for bellies is to replace the affected section of pipe. Installing a new pipe will restore the slope and improve the integrity of the existing pipe. Unfortunately, this is often a large project that involves a lot of time and money. Trenchless pipe repair methods offer a less disruptive and cost-effective method of pipe repair over conventional methods. A belly is one of the exceptions where these methods aren’t recommended.

 

What is sewer line channeling?

Sewer line channeling is the development of a channel into the bottom of a sewer line. The motion of the water continually crossing the same area of the pipe causes it to wear down. The damage also makes the pipe vulnerable to the infiltration of tree roots, insects, and more. Sewer line channeling is a common problem in cast iron sewer pipes. Sometimes, the pipe is already gone by the time you realize there’s a problem.

Some signs of sewer line channeling include odd sewage odors, green patches in your yard, and water seepage. Like bellies, channeling sometimes causes slow drainage, making it easier to confuse the two situations.

One major difference when considering a sewer line belly vs pipe channeling is that with the latter condition, the sewer line usually retains its slope. Even though the pipe may be completely gone in one area, trenchless pipelining might still be an option. This modern approach to pipe repair doesn’t cause the disruption to your property or your lifestyle that you can expect with traditional plumbing. It also costs thousands of dollars less.

 

Sewer Line Belly Vs Pipe Channeling: Getting Past The Confusion

Specialists who get calls from clients saying they have a sewer line belly often end up with a pipe that’s channeled. Initially, both problems seem the same. Once you call a specialist, the first step is diagnosing the problem with a special sewer camera. But that isn’t enough to identify the whole problem.

The only thing the camera shows in either case is a lot of water. Using a water jet to clear out the water and debris allows the specialist to clearly view the pipe. The importance in distinguishing between the two problems is the difference in the options for repair.

 

Bellied Pipe Explained

The term “bellied pipe,” also known as a “low spot,” essentially refers to a pipeline that’s sagging. A bellied pipe usually occurs as a result of improper installation, particularly when the installer uses insufficient bedding. Pipeline and trench bedding consists of a number of materials which provide a solid surface for the pipe to rest on. Without bedding, the pipeline becomes susceptible to sagging from shifting soil or poor soil compaction. A bellied pipe can only be fixed by manually repairing the line. A camera inspection will usually reveal the presence of a sagging pipe, the severity of it, and whether it requires immediate repairs.

Implications of a Bellied Pipe

A low spot will trap water much the same way as a P-trap pipe under your bathroom. This may not necessarily cause problems, and your pipes may continue to function normally. However, solid waste can collect in the low spot, causing a soft backup. This isn’t anything too serious and can usually be fixed by a local plumber using a typical manual auger. However, the low spot should still be corrected to prevent the need to clear a backup every few months.

 

What Is A Sewer Line Belly, Sag Or Low Area?

A sewer line belly, sag, or low area, can be identified by a pipe holding water after flow has stopped or other causes of pooling water, such as debris build up and channeling, have been ruled out. Sewer line bellies or low areas become problems when debris collects and causes a blockage or backup. A belly in a sewer line, sag, or low area is often caused by geological events such as soil erosion, foundation settlement, earthquakes or by human error such as poor soil compaction or poor installation.

Wide Plank Hardwood Flooring For Your Home

Steps to Save on Hardwood Flooring Costs

You’ve got the walls painted the perfect shade and the lighting is to your liking. Now you need the right floor to tie the room together. If you want a new hardwood floor, tread prudently: You have a forest of options at a wide range of prices.

It costs an average of $2,400 to $4,000 to buy and install 200 square feet of hardwood floor, according to national survey. That’s a wide range of $12 to $20 a square foot. How much you spend depends on:

The species of wood.

The grade and cut, which describe qualities such as color variation, whether knots are visible and the direction of the grain.

Whether the wood is solid or engineered (multiple layers of wood veneers).

The amount of preparation and cleanup work the contractor must do.

How much does it cost to install hardwood floors?

When a hardwood floor contractor prepares an estimate, the costs are usually divided between materials and labor. There might be another section of the estimate that itemizes other costs.

The cost of flooring is calculated by the square foot. The contractor usually adds between 5% and 12% to the square footage as a “cut allowance” or “waste factor” to account for scraps that will be left over. For example, a 100-square-foot room might require the purchase of 105 to 112 square feet of flooring because the planks will have to be cut to size. The leftover material is the cut allowance.

Less-expensive species of solid hardwood, such as oak and American cherry, cost $5 to $10 a square foot, according to HomeAdvisor, a referral service for home improvement professionals. Pricier species, such as Brazilian walnut and mahogany, cost $8 to $14 a square foot.

 

TYPES OF REAL WOOD FLOORING

Solid wood flooring is made of one piece of wood from top to bottom and can be used in any room that is on or above ground. One of the many benefits of solid wood flooring is it can be sanded and refinished many times.

Engineered wood floors are also made of real wood, but include multiple layers, with the top layer made of high-quality wood. Because engineered wood floors expand and contract less than solid wood flooring, they are ideal for basement installations. While this type of flooring can be sanded and refinished, it cannot be done as many times as solid wood flooring.

OPTIONS Wood floors are manufactured in almost any width. Some of the most popular styles are strip, plank, and parquet. Each style is available in a variety of species, colors, and widths, so choosing the right one is a matter of preference. Strip flooring is less than 3” wide and often makes a room appear larger. Plank flooring is equal to or greater than 3” wide and often creates a more casual look. Parquet flooring varies in size and generates a geometric, non-linear look.

SPECIESWood flooring is made from hardwoods, softwoods, domestic lumber, and a variety of imported lumber. Each wood species has unique visual characteristics and maintenance needs.

APPEARANCEMany factors impact the appearance of wood flooring, including its grade and saw cut. Wood grades are determined based on the physical characteristics of the wood. All grades are equally strong and serviceable, but each looks different. Additionally, the angle at which a board is cut determines how the finished product looks and performs as well.

 

Best Mops for Hardwood Floors

The best type of mop for hardwood floors won’t scratch the surface. It picks up fine debris that broom bristles miss. Then, the best-wet mops for hardwood floors won’t saturate the wood with water.

Best Dry Mops for Wood Floors

Dry-mopping is a gentle but efficient way to keep your floor clean. A quick spin around the house should only take a few minutes if you haven’t let the dirt build-up.

The Freedom dust mop from Libman is best for small rooms and tight spaces. It’s just under a foot wide, but it holds a lot of hair and dust. The secret to its high capacity is the long fingers on the washable microfiber pad. It’s handy for knocking down cobwebs, too.

This dust mop has cut ends, not loops, so it’s less likely to snag. It’s made from natural cotton yarn and hand-sewn in the USA. The handle adjusts from 42 to 72 inches long when you twist to unlock it.

Sladust’s wool mop is impregnated with natural lanolin that draws dust like a magnet. It stays put until you give it a shake. On the downside, you can’t toss this dry mop head into the washing machine—it’s hand wash only. Hand-washing ensures that it retains its natural ability to dust well.

 

Prolong the Life of Your Hardwood Floors

Hardwood floors have long been a coveted house feature because they positively radiate a sense of classic warmth and tradition. Because hardwood flooring has literally been around for centuries and many of the floors found in historic homes are still the originals, it is easy to think of them as being impervious to damage.

But like any house element, hardwood floors are prone to damage from accumulated wear and tear as well as unexpected events such as flooding. The potential for damage is magnified by the fact that, unlike ceramic or vinyl flooring, hardwood is an organic material. Wood’s cellular structure will break down more easily than ceramic’s minerals or vinyl’s polymers, especially when subjected to moisture

Overview of Hardwood Floors

Lines tend to blur when it comes to categorizing hardwood flooring. With technological innovations in floor manufacturing in the last couple of decades, these lines have become even blurrier. Basically, though, it comes down to three areas

Solid Hardwood

Solid hardwood flooring is 100 percent natural wood from top to bottom, no additives or changes except in the case of prefinished flooring, which comes with a factory-applied urethane-based top coating. Even so, this is just a surface coating, and all material below the coating is natural wood sawn directly from hardwoods such as ash, cherry, maple, or oak

Engineered Wood

Compared to solid hardwood’s deep history, engineered wood is a baby. In the mid-20th century, flooring manufacturers began to laminate thin veneers of real hardwood on top of thicker layers of plywood. Thus, well over 95 percent of this flooring is plywood. However, the top – the part that is visible – is 100 percent real wood

 

Realtor Q&A: Carpet or hardwoods … which is better when selling?

“Hardwood for sure, as everyone loves that. Carpets, colors, texture can vary and not everyone likes the same thing. Tile would be preferred in the lower level and maybe the kitchen area.”

“Hardwood is preferred over carpet on the main level any day. When you get upstairs, if there is a preference, having hardwood in the hallways is important. It’s all price-sensitive.”

“Hardwood is generally preferred over carpet. Buyers can always add a rug over top the hardwood. We had heard buyers say that because of allergies they prefer hardwood over carpet. Tile can be good too in certain areas of the home.”

“Today’s home buyers are certainly attuned to the specific amenities a home has to offer and as such, hardwood floors are seen as an upgrade relative to homes with carpet (in similar price points). Sellers are aware of these competitive differences and try to position their homes in the best light possible, and often times, offering hardwood floors, over carpeting, can help justify a pricing strategy or help a seller in direct competition with other active homes in a similar pricing category.”

Homes in our area with carpeting are a tough sell. Carpeting is one of those features that buyers often cannot see past (like bold paint colors). Although hardwoods can always be installed after the sale, buyers will not pay top dollar for a home with carpeting – especially if on the main level – and it will surely affect the price for the sellers.”

Can You Afford To Hire A Criminal Defense Attorney

Criminal Defense Attorney

Experienced Criminal Defense Attorney

Being in the crosshairs of the criminal justice system can be as stressful as it may be intimidating. The important thing to remember when this happens, however, is that having an experienced defense attorney representing and defending you can be pivotal to the outcome of your case, as well as your future.

here to aggressively defend your rights and help you bring your case to a successful resolution. are dedicated to providing each of clients with exceptional service, ethical treatment and aggressive representation.

That’s why are here to help you:

Successfully navigate the intricacies of the criminal justice system

Minimize the negative impacts that criminal cases may have on you and your family

Work diligently and relentlessly to help you protect your freedom and future.

An Arrest Can Be Devastating

Getting arrested for a serious crime can be a devastating experience. You may be overwhelmed with thoughts and emotions of fear, anger, regret and uncertainty for the future.

Regardless of if you are under investigations or have been formally arrested, the most effective way of protecting your rights is to seek legal representation from an experienced and skilled criminal defense attorney.

 

Aggressive Criminal Defense Attorney

Criminal defense Attorney, has been aggressively defending the rights for over eighteen years. is a seasoned litigator who has tried every kind of criminal defense case. clients receive his cell phone number, so they can connect any time they need help. From arrest through trial, works hard to get the best possible results in and out of court.

Federal Criminal Defense

Defended countless clients accused of federal crimes. As an experienced federal litigator, I know how to assemble an effective defense for high profile crimes

Drug Possession

Because drug possession is a serious crime that can result in life-changing penalties, it is absolutely imperative to work with a criminal defense lawyer who understands the law in this area

White Collar Crimes

Because these types of cases are often subject to both state and federal prosecution, it is important to work with a lawyer who is comfortable defending a case at any level

DWI Charges

A DWI Charge Can Put Your Life on Hold. A single arrest can seriously jeopardize your job, your freedom, and your reputation. If you have been arrested for drunk driving, you can’t afford to delay your defense.

 

CRIMINAL DEFENSE AND DUI

Criminal Defense Lawyer

Are you or a loved one charged with a crime?

Are you under investigation by a law enforcement agency in the State?

Right now, you may be at a low point in your life and not know what to do. You may be worried that your job, your career and your reputation are on the line. You want to do all you can to protect yourself but do not know where to turn.

There is good news. In the legal system, a good criminal defense lawyer can make the difference. You can WIN criminal cases in the State. I have been involved in cases where the evidence against the defendant seemed insurmountable, but somehow, some way we found a hole in the prosecution’s case that gave us a window of opportunity

Many people do not realize that choosing their lawyer could be one of the most important decisions in their life. It is extremely important to choose wisely. Your lawyer will be your voice on what could be the most important thing in your life. You should hire a defense attorney that has the skill and courage to effectively try a criminal case. Prosecutors all share one thing in common: they hate to lose. If the State knows your attorney is a serious trial lawyer you will probably get a better plea offer or even have charges withdrawn.

A Real Trial Lawyer

I am a criminal trial lawyer in the State. For past two decades I have dedicated myself to the art of trial practice which has been my passion and obsession. I thrive on taking difficult cases and solving difficult problems for my clients.

 

Aggressive Defense Attorneys

Being faced with criminal charges places one in the difficult position of having the resources of the State, from the police department through the prosecutor’s office, being used to punish.  One must also be aware of the potential effects of pleas and convictions on careers, families, domestic relations, custody, drivers licenses, CDLs, and more.

A guilty plea with hopes that a court will show leniency may at first seem the easiest way to resolve a criminal charge; however, the best approach is to put the State to the test with an aggressive criminal defense attorney, demanding your rights be protected.

The criminal defense attorneys Law Offices provide their clients personalized representation, the benefits of the experienced legal knowledge required to navigate the criminal process, the legal experience to fully understand their options to make their own decisions without pressure, and the trial lawyer experience to aggressively take the matter through trial when needed.

Do You Need a Lawyer? Pro Se (Self Representation)?

Can you represent yourself when faced with a criminal charge?  Yes you can, but no you should not.

These are some facts:

Being right means little unless you can convince the prosecutor, judge, or jury that you are right and make them understand why.

What seems simple at first may quickly become complicated, especially if you do not know what is around the next turn in the process.

If your case goes badly, you may regret representing your self, but by then it may be too late.

The law is complex, including for example the rules the police must follow, the rules to follow with the court (e.g., State and Local Rules of Criminal Procedure), the rules regarding the presentation of your case (e.g., Rules of Evidence), the potential implications of the charges, the statutes that define the crimes, and the thousands upon thousands of cases that interpret the rules and statutes and your Constitutional rights.

Attorneys are the professionals who are trained to understand these laws, how they may relate to you, and how to protect your rights and interests.

 

DUI and Criminal Defense Lawyers

Criminal Defense Attorneys Fighting for You

Through excellence in criminal defense and as DUI lawyers, mission at the Defense Firm is to help people win back their lives. With more than 100 years of collective criminal law experience at both the State and Federal levels, the criminal defense attorneys at Defense Firm know how traumatic it is to be charged with a crime

Just being the focus of a criminal investigation is enough to cause most people many sleepless nights or worse. The criminal justice system is disturbing and demeaning. For many of our clients their greatest wish is for things to just return to normal, and that is what we do, every day

Defense Firm have unmatched and specialized expertise handling criminal cases involving:

DUI/OWI Drunk Driving

Assault/Domestic Violence

Sex Crimes/Assault

Health Care Fraud

Firearms Law

Driver License Restoration

Drug Crimes

Financial Fraud/White Collar Criminal

Defense Firm provides Statewide criminal defense representation

Getting The Best Bookkeeping Rates

What is the process of bookkeeping?

When starting in business it is good to have a bit of an idea about bookkeeping.  Although you most likely will hire someone to either keep the books for you inside or outside the office, it is still important to have an overall idea about the steps taken in this process as well as an overall idea as to what is being done. There are generally five steps in the book keeping process:

  • When a transaction occurs there is some original paperwork involved such as an invoice, a credit note, a receipt or petty cash voucher, etc. This original documentation must be retained and filed away where it can be easily found and referred to if necessary.
  • Details from the original paperwork are recorded in the “original books of entry”.These are records such as the cash book, purchases book, sales book, petty cash book or sales returns book.
  • The details written into the books of original entry are transferred to the ledger. The ledger is the main book of accounts which records all debits and credits in the business operations.
  • A trial balance can be made when required by adding the debit column and adding the credit column, and comparing the two additions to determine the current state of financial affairs. If credits are greater than debits, then you are making money; but if debits are greater, you are losing money.
  • The ledger is used to prepare a set of final accounts at the end of a given period…normally at the end of each financial year. These final accounts include such things as a Profit and loss account, a Balance sheet and a Trading account. These accounts may be necessary for taxation or other purposes.

 

What is the bookkeeping equation?

The bookkeeping equation for a sole proprietorship is assets = liabilities + owner’s equity. The bookkeeping equation for a corporation is assets = liabilities + stockholders’ equity. The bookkeeping equation is also referred to as the accounting equation.

In the bookkeeping equation:

  • assets are the resources owned by the business
  • liabilities are the amounts the business owes
  • owner’s equity is the amount the owner invested plus the net income of the business minus the amounts the owner withdrew for personal use (all since the business began)

Often it is said that the liabilities and owner’s equity are the claims against the assets. It can also be said that the liabilities and the owner’s equity are the sources of the assets.

 

There is a difference between the two terms bookkeeping and accounting

  • Bookkeeping is concerned with the recording of financial transactions whereas accounting involves recording, classifying and summarizing financial transactions.
  • Bookkeeping is clerical in nature and usually is the junior staff performs this function whereas accounting requires skills of accountant and knowledge of various accounting policies.
  • The Bookkeeping is the base for accounting. Accounting starts where the bookkeeping ends and is thus broader in scope than bookkeeping.
  • Bookkeeping is in accordance with the accounting concepts and conventions. Whereas, the accounting methods and procedures for analyzing and interpreting the financial reports may vary from entity to entity.
  • Financial statements do not form part of bookkeeping. Thus, these are prepared from the accounting process.
  • The accounting reports help in ascertaining the financial position of an entity, however not bookkeeping records.

 

Relationships Between Financial Statements

Income Statement

The Income Statement is also called the Earning Statement or the Profit and Loss Statement, sometimes shortened to the P&L, but no matter what it is called, net income or loss is always the bottom line. This bottom line flows to the next statement, the Statement of Owners’ Equity. That is why it is the first statement to be compiled from the adjusted trial balance.

Statement of Owners’ Equity

The Statement of Owners’ Equity reconciles beginning capital to ending capital. Remember that the Balance Sheet shows that assets are equal to liabilities plus equity. Ending capital and equity are synonymous, so the bottom line from the Statement of Owners’ Equity, ending capital, flows to the next statement—the Balance Sheet.

Balance Sheet

Net income from the Income Statement flows to the Statement of Owners’ Equity, and the ending capital balance flows from the Statement of Owners’ Equity to the Balance Sheet.

Statement of Cash Flow

Finally, the statement of cash flows reconciles beginning cash and cash equivalents from the balance sheet (ending cash from the prior set of financial statements) to ending cash from the current balance sheet, effectively reconciling accrual basis accounting to cash basis.

 

Close the books

Bring the bookkeeping for the fiscal year just ended to a close and get things ready to begin the bookkeeping process for the coming fiscal year. Books is the common term for a business’s complete set of accounts. A business’s transactions are a constant stream of activities that don’t end tidily on the last day of the year, which can make preparing financial statements and tax returns challenging. The business has to draw a clear line of demarcation between activities for the year (the 12-month accounting period) ended and the year yet to come by closing the books for one year and starting with fresh books for the next year.

Flooring Options For Your Home Remodeling Project

Things to Consider Before Remodeling

Remodeling your house can be a true test of patience.

No matter how happy you are with your house, you probably have an idea or two on how to make it better. From adding a few feet of space in the kitchen to knocking down a wall, it’s easy to picture a room “as it should be.” However, the reality of undertaking a remodeling project in order to make it so is an entirely different beast.

The design of your dreams

Inspiration for a dream space in your house can come from anywhere — a magazine, social media, a friend’s house, a TV show, even a vacation. Your job is to collect and manage that inspiration. Take photos, clip images and save scraps of your favorite types of material to help focus the design.

Be realistic with the budget

Knowing what you want and being able to afford it are two very different things. Determining the budget for your project is step one of the remodeling process. You need to have a clear idea of what you’re willing to spend and secure those funds before calling your first contractor. The budget is the roadmap from which all else is decided, so it’s important to establish this upfront.

Who to hire

Deciding which contractor to hire for the job is going to take some time, so prepare yourself to do your due diligence. It is a process to vet potential hires, but it’s an important one in order to avoid hiring someone who’s unqualified and could possibly leave your house worse off than when you started.

The reality of remodeling

Oh, if only it was as easy as they make it seem on TV. The reality of remodeling is your life will be upended from beginning to end — especially if you tackle a larger project such as adding a new room or renovating the kitchen or bathroom. Having a plan to workaround the mess is key to surviving.

 

Simple Steps to Assess the Real Cost of a Fixer-Upper House

Decide What You Can DIY

TV remodeling shows make home improvement work look like a snap. In the real world, attempting a difficult remodeling job that you don’t know how to do will take longer than you think and can lead to less-than-professional results that won’t increase the value of your fixer-upper house.

Price the Cost of Renovations Before You Make an Offer

Get your contractor into the house to do a walk-through, so he can give you a written cost estimate on the tasks he’s going to do.

Check Permit Costs

Ask local officials if the work you’re going to do requires a permit and how much that permit costs. Doing work without a permit may save money, but it’ll cause problems when you resell your home.

Double-Check Pricing on Structural Work

If your fixer-upper home needs major structural work, hire a structural engineer for $500 to $700 to inspect the home before you put in an offer so you can be confident you’ve uncovered and conservatively budgeted for the full extent of the problems

Check the Cost of Financing

Be sure you have enough money for a downpayment, closing costs, and repairs without draining your savings.

 

Home Remodeling Contractors

Remodeling deserves all the stars in the sky. These guys are true gem. Dream makers is what I called them. I couldn’t have made a better choice selecting a contractor. Knowledgeable, caring, diligent, punctual, polite, and the list goes on. I am very happy with how everything turned out from start to finish. I’ve had my fair shares of hellish contractors helped me see the brighter side

Experienced and Caring Professionals

experienced professionals to provide your home with the best home remodeling contractor in areas. If you’ve been thinking about getting a kitchen remodel, bathroom remodel, or any type of home renovation in the area then you’ve come to the right place! Remodeling is a full-service home remodeling contractor committed to quality, craftsmanship, superior customer service, and professionalism.

Locally Owned & Full Service

are a team of family-owned home remodeling contractors that has been proud to serve the area for years. Remodeling has all the services that you need to complete your remodeling, so there is no need to hire different specialists for each part of your home

Amazing Work For Affordable Prices

understand home improvements can get expensive and that as a customer, you want to stretch your dollars as much as possible. offer customers the most cost-effective options that will not only save you money but also leave your home looking beautiful. No matter the size or condition of your project, up to the challenge and are committed to your satisfaction.

 

THINGS TO INCLUDE IN YOUR HOME REMODEL

is a great way to invest in your property and extend the life of your home. If you are tired of the same old layout, look, or function, it might be time for an upgrade. When it comes to remodeling your home, there are four things every homeowner needs to include and consider in their budget. So the next time you sit down to think about a remodel, don’t forget to include these items in your to-do list.

GREAT BONES

Any home remodel starts with a review of the existing structures in place. Ensuring that your home is structurally sound is an important first step in any home remodel project.

GREAT FOUNDATIONS

Spending your money where it matters is an important part of any home remodel project. You might be tempted to blow your budget on expensive finishes, but really, your money should be spent on the areas that aren’t easily changeable. For example, cabinetry in the kitchen, flooring in the bedroom, and windows and doors throughout the home. You can change lighting one at a time as your budget regenerates, but adding a new floor every 6 months is time consuming and frankly, quite messy. When a home remodel projects is on your radar, be sure to discuss the best ways to improve the foundations of your home before actually spending that money.

LAYOUT AND SPACE

Remodeling your home is going to be a lot of work. As transparent and professional home remodelers, work to be honest and truthful about the process of remodeling. set realistic expectations with clients and ensure that they are aware of what the projects will entail and how long their daily lives may be disrupted. help you take into consider the layout and space of your home so you can decide whether or not to reside in the home during renovations.

10% OVERAGES

Any good contractor will tell you to add a slush fund to your bottom line. There are always unforeseen circumstances that arise during home remodels, especially when dealing with older homes. If wiring needs to be upgraded or a window is not meeting code, those things need to be replaced. Some items, such as a broken window, might not hold up inspections, but a wiring problem certainly will. When sitting down to plan out your home remodel project, always include at least 10% of your budget over and above what you originally planned to allow for overages and surprises.

 

WHAT SHOULD YOU CONSIDER WHEN PLANNING YOUR BACKYARD REMODEL?

Creating the ideal home isn’t just about interiors, it’s about creating an attractive outdoor environment as well. That’s why more and more homeowners are choosing backyard remodels to create the perfect stay-cation, and to extend entertaining and living areas beyond the walls of their homes. Just like an indoor remodel, a backyard remodel requires careful planning, design, and execution to ensure the best possible outcome. So what do you need to keep in mind when planning your backyard remodel? Here we look at some of the points you need to consider for building your dream space.

LIFESTYLE

When you’re thinking about how to redesign your backyard, you need to consider a couple of things – how you use your backyard now, and how you would like to ideally use your backyard in the future. Whether you want to use your backyard for entertaining, relaxing, playing sports, or all of the above, a carefully planned design based on your lifestyle can help you make the most of the space you have.

KIDS AND PETS

Considering that you’re remodeling your backyard for family use, it’s important to think about your kids and pets, too. If there are little ones at home, it’s highly crucial to take extra safety measures to keep your backyard kid-friendly. An experienced remodeling contractor can set up child-safe plants and hardscapes, proper fencing, and an additional room to play and move. It can be either a cubby, treehouse, or any home playground of your choice.

ENTERTAINMENT

Warm summer nights and longer days can’t help but suggest outdoor entertaining. Adding an outdoor entertainment area is one of the most popular ways to extend home living space. Outdoor entertainment is fun, low-maintenance, and relaxing. It allows hosts and guests to enjoy a laid back social time. If creating a tranquil outdoor space is one of your top priorities, your design-build contractor can help develop the perfect structure to balance outdoor functionality, aesthetics, and entertainment, while considering your location.

LANDSCAPE AND GARDENING

For some homeowners, adding beautifully structured hardscapes for curb appeal becomes the main focus of a backyard remodel. But for others, spending time cultivating plants and nurturing living garden components are the most important.

Questions To Ask Your Party Planner Before Making The Hire

How do event planners get clients?

When starting out in the field, gaining clients is of the utmost importance to establish a solid foundation for your new business. That aspect is also one of the most difficult challenges with an event planning business. Consider the following options to help build your client base:

Volunteer

The best way to start building a portfolio is to volunteer your services to family and friends. You will feel more confident in working with the general public, once you have organized several events for people you know. Be sure to take photos and put them in a binder to show potential clients in the future. You can also use your photos for a digital portfolio to place on your website. To learn more about volunteering as an event planner, read this article: How to Volunteer as an Event Planner.

Launch A Website

You don’t have to be a computer wiz to build a website. Something as simple as WordPress and your own domain name is a great way to build authority. You can buy a domain and launch a WordPress site with a free template for less than $100 at HostGator. List your contact information, along with the services you offer, so you have a place to direct your clients when you receive inquiries. Post photos of the events you have done so your work is visible. Be sure to use keywords in your site description, such as all of the locations you service, as well as the services you provide.

Add A Blog To Your Website

Your basic website will have a few pages. You can direct people you meet to your website, but to get traffic in the long-term you’ll need more content. A blog is a great way to add regular content to your site. For topics, focus on the questions your target clients have. Brainstorm 12 ideas and you’ll have enough for one blog post each month for a year.

Become An Expert In Your Niche

When it’s time for people to organize events they usually search around for articles and tips; and if you can position yourself as an expert in your specialty there will be a lot of eyeballs on you. For example, when a corporate event opportunity comes up and they need to hire an event planner – the decision maker will most likely go online and read information about their type of event. If your specialty is in this category and you have information online about your expertise with freely available advice potential clients are much more likely to reach out to you. You can become an expert in a niche by:

  • Writing articles on your own site
  • Writing articles on popular sites that take user submitted content like About.com, eHow, Huffington Post, etc
  • Posting Youtube short videos of you or your employees giving advice

Create A Facebook Page

Facebook Pages are very simple to create. Invite all of your friends to “like” it and ask them to “share” with their friends. You can also create ads inexpensively to grow your audience and give exposure to your services. Post photos, links to your blog and website along with any specials you are running. We will post additional articles in the coming weeks with tips on building your Facebook following in much more detail.

Business Cards

For event planners, business cards are a must. Hand them out to anyone that inquires or leave them in places where potential clients may gather, such as coffee shops or banquet halls. Give some to your friends and family to pass out to others that may be interested. Be sure to list your website, blog and Facebook links along with the description of your services and other contact information on the card.

 

Get Private Testimonials Or Endorsements From Your Targets’ Peers.

Sometimes your dream clients are hard to reach. But if you’d like to bust through their secretary’s keen defense mechanisms, the best way to do it is by infiltrating their network through other professional means. Build your network while simultaneously closing the degree of separation between you and your targeted accounts.

Some of the best ways to do this are to attend industry related events at which one of your prospect’s peers will be presenting or giving a speech. Because they’ll be a featured attendee, they know they’ll be meeting new people and networking a lot throughout the day. Which means they’ll be more open and receptive to you when you approach them to introduce yourself. There are also plenty of industry meetups, seminars, and happy hours you can attend in your city that may get you closer to your goals.

You can even do this online. There are plenty of avid LinkedIn users, personal brand developers, and social media content creators in the corporate world who make a point to be very knowledge and well followed. If you see that your dream clients like, comment, and share their material, make sure you’re doing the same. Because you’ve demonstrated interest in someone they love, you’ll also be showing your prospects that you share their values too.

 

Event Planner Marketing Strategies

In a perfect world, your event planning services should be mentioned in the first stages of a client’s event dialogue. To make this happen you need to be an effective marketer. Follow the strategies below to position your service in the minds of potential clients at the very moment they discuss hosting an event.

Build Your Online Network

The internet provides the largest network for generating sales leads, so it should come as no surprise you’ll need an attractive website and active profiles on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.

Each one of these online assets has the capability to drive unique prospects, but none of them are passive outlets. To reap the benefits of each one you need to participate in discussions, share your expertise, and join groups where you can leverage the assets of others.

Engagement is the key, and this is where those who try to “do it alone” often fail.

Go Public, Target and Advertise

Even the most qualified planner will struggle to land new clients without live exposure. This includes public participation at industry events and media appearances.

You might think it is difficult to land a spot on a television or radio show but often times it is as easy as submitting a great story idea to the producers in the form of a press release. It is not an easy job to fill a show with content every single day, and if you can approach the right person with a unique angle then you will have no problem getting your foot in the door.

Design your messages specifically for the consumer audience you are targeting. If you manage to find media spots, see if you can get yourself included in the times that are best to reach your market.

Help Those in Need

Donating your time to a worthy cause can open several new opportunities to gain new clients. A lot of non-profit events would appreciate having the expertise of an event planner available.

Even if you can’t commit to running their event, there are plenty of other ways to participate. Perhaps you can be in charge of the floral arrangements or marketing materials? Little tasks like this can bring exposure and allow you to network with others.

Non-profit advisors and committees are typically staffed by local dignitaries and business leaders, all of whom have the connections to drive large quantities of leads to your business.

Refresh Existing Customers

Sometimes we get so focused on landing new customers that we forget about the existing assets sitting dormant in our contact lists. Go through your contact lists, email, LinkedIn and Facebook contacts and ask yourself: Does each person on this list know what I do for a living?

Obviously, you want to reach out to those who are unaware to update them on your career, but you should also reach out to everyone you haven’t talked to in over a year. Let them know what projects you have been working on and give them the necessary information to refer business your way.

 

Savvy Ways to Promote Your Event Planning Business

As you develop your event planning business, it’s impor­tant to market in order to grow your client base. Following are eight ideas for advertising and promoting your event planning business:

Networking. For most planners, networking is at the top of the list in terms of developing a strong client base. Networking can help your business in two ways. If people have met you and know what services you offer, they may refer business to you or use your service themselves. Furthermore, networking with hotels, caterers and so on will give you a chance to meet some of the people whose services you may need as you plan events.

Advertising. Print advertising covers a broad range, from a free—or inexpensive—Yellow Pages advertisement to an ad in a glossy national publication costing tens of thousands of dollars. Most planners agree that an ad in the Yellow Pages makes good business sense. A line advertisement, simply listing your business name, is often provided free of charge when you connect your phone (if you have a landline). You can also opt for a display advertisement — the bigger, bordered ads in the Yellow Pages — but there’s a charge for these.

 

Business card.

Don’t underestimate the power of this small but mighty marketing tool. Even in the computer age, a succinct, professionally printed business card is still critical. Consider it a diminutive brochure, especially if you opt for a tri-fold business card. Many planners opt for this business-card format because more information can be included than on a traditional business card, while the card remains small enough to be tucked inside a wallet or purse.

Informative brochures. Like your business card, a well-designed, professional brochure can help cement your image as a professional planner. Prospective clients will make judgments about your company based on your brochure, so make sure it’s conceived and produced at the highest level possible.

The brochure should include all the information listed on your tri-fold business card and allow you to expand upon this information, in particular, by adding photographs. The photos should be of successful events you’ve designed. You may also want to include a photo of yourself.

Maximize your chances of success by making sure your company brochure matches the type of business you have. All materials should look professional, but if you are marketing to a budget-conscious group, a too-glamorous brochure can send the wrong message—and send potential budget-conscious clients running in the opposite direction.

As with your business cards, leave your brochure with caterers, florists, photographers, and other vendors with whom you’ve worked.

Direct mail. You may choose to distribute your brochure via direct mail. If you do, make sure your mailing list is well chosen. Event planner David Granger says that while word of mouth is his most effective advertising, he uses mailing lists of the organizations his company belongs to (International Special Events Society, Meeting Professionals International, National Association for Catering and Events, and the Dallas Convention and Visitors Bureau).

Unethical Carpet Cleaning Tricks And How To Avoid Them

Carpet Cleaning Tips and Tricks

As much as we would like out carpets to remain clean 24/7, it is practically impossible. Despite all the efforts in keeping it clean, dirt will eventually come for different reasons -maybe from stepping on it, spilling and staining. It is the reason a carpet requires to be cleaned regularly to maintain their look. It is a fact that a clean carpet adds value and authenticity to your home or office. But how clean your carpet is equally important- you should apply some of the most effects cleaning methods. Here are 10 of the best Carpet cleaning tips and tricks you can use.

  • Vacuum regularly

Every time you step on the carpet, you leave some dirt behind. Since it is not possible to deep clean you carpet regularly, you need to have a way through which you can be removing this dirt regularly to keep it looking nice. This is where regular vacuuming is recommended. A vacuum cleaner will pick dust and debris thus keeping your carpet looking good always. The frequency at which you vacuum will be dictated by how much the carpet is used. If you are a bachelor, doing it a week will enough. If you have a large family and pets, do it at least thrice a week.

  • Deal with spills immediately

Be very careful with spills. It is easy for them to become stains if they are not treated immediately. The secret to keeping your carpet clean for a longer time is dealing with any spill straight away. The best way to deal with them is soaking it with a dry sheet or using the carpet cleaner before it soaks in. You must also be wary of how clean it. The worst that you can do to your carpet is trying to rub off the spill. This will drive it further into the carpet making it hard to clean and may result into a stain.

  • Use the right solution

Use of the wrong solution is a common mistake in carpet cleaning. For the carpet to be cleaned properly, the right solutions must be employed. In many cases, the manufacturer will recommend the right solution to be used. Most of the suggested solutions are manufactured specifically for those carpets. Most people will be tempted to go for cheaper solutions that are poorly manufactured. Others may opt to go for homemade solutions. These solutions are likely to damage the carpet either by fading or tearing it with time. Some may leave behind a foul odor even after rinsing several times.

  • Test for solution’s colorfastness first

If it is the first time to clean with a solution, it is important to test its colorfastness first. Some solutions can destroy your carpet mostly by fading its color. You need to check out if the carpet color will be affected by the solution. Start by cleaning small area first and see how the detergent works. You may also use a white towel to rub the carpet to find out if there will be any color on it. If at all there will be even small traces of carpet’s color on the towel, you should avoid using that solution since it will fade the carpet. It is also likely to lower the lifespan of your expensive carpet if used.

  • Pre-treat if necessary

If you don’t clean your carpet regularly, pre-treating it before actual cleaning will be required. Sometimes the carpet may be extremely dirty and intensely stained for regular cleaning. Pre-treating helps in soaking the stain and dirty for easy remove. You need to apply the pre-treatment solution on the heavily stained or soiled areas and allow it to soak in for a moment. This will make it easy for the cleaning exercise and save on the cleaning solution used. It is also worth noting that pre-treating reduces wear and tear associated with the vigorous scratching of the carpet on heavily stained areas.

 

When can i put down furniture after a carpet cleaning?

Once your carpet is professionally cleaned, you will need to wait a few hours before you can resume normal day to day activities as well as putting the furniture that goes into the room with the carpet back. The general rule of thumb is that you should wait about 24 hours before putting the furniture back on the carpet. This will ensure your carpet is fully dried and ready to go. You should also consider purchasing waterproof protectors beneath the legs of the furniture. These protectors let you replace the furniture immediately after the cleaning.

WHEN CAN I WALK ON THE CARPET AFTER A CLEANING?

After your carpet has been professionally cleaned, you will want to wait at least 6 hours before you can walk on it. This way it gives the carpet enough time to dry in most areas that can handle walking. The time is increased to 24 hours for furniture because they are normally heavier and stay in one spot rather than moving across the carpet. If you need to walk across the carpet, then you should wait 30 minutes after the cleaning finishes to walk on it. For extra protection, remove your shoes and walk on the carpet with clean socks, preferably white.

 

What Is Carpet Steam Cleaning?

Steam cleaning carpets is preferred by many people because it only uses heat and pressurized water or steam to remove ground-in dirt and other particles. The professional will use a truck-mounted steam cleaner in most cases to propel heated water and steam into the carpet. This combination of high pressure and a high temperature effectively dislodges particles that have been cleaning to carpet fibers. Some commercial steam cleaners have an agitation feature to dislodge more particles. A powerful vacuum then extracts the moisture and the loosened particles.

The Pros and Cons of Getting Carpet Steam Cleaned

As you explore the best methods for cleaning carpets, the pros and cons of various steam cleaning methods should be reviewed. When professional cleaning services are used, steam cleaning is an effective way to remove ground-in dirt, and it is even effective at removing mold and mildew. Because the truck mounts generate substantial power from the commercial-grade carpet cleaning equipment, more water and dirt is extracted than what a consumer-grade carpet cleaner may be able to remove. Furthermore, the drying time is minimal, and related staining is not a concern if the carpet has adequate time to dry before you walk across it. Steam cleaning is an effective way to rejuvenate carpeting and to extend its life, but it is not effective at removing stubborn or deep stains.

 

Reasons Why Your Carpet is Respotting

There are two main reasons why your carpet shows stains after giving it a thorough scrubbing and shampooing. They are: wicking and residue. Let’s see how each manifests itself and how to tell one from the other.

Wicking

Stains from wicking are deep and come from the core of your carpet. When you spot such a stain, it means that the carpet’s fiber, pad, and back are all soiled.

As you scrub a notorious stain, there are chances of using excessive water during rinsing. It leads to saturation of the stained area, and the excess moisture finds a way into the padding and backing of the carpet. When the water reaches into the depth of the stain, it is discolored, and the dirt spreads outwards.

You may try to rinse your carpet as many times as possible, but the deep stain will keep wicking dirt to the surface. As the carpet dries, the dirty water wicks to the top, and you will see ugly stains staring back at you.

When the spots appear right after the carpet dries, you can be sure that wicking is the culprit. It is as a result of over rinsing and saturation of the carpet’s fiber, padding, and backing.

Residue

Residue stains are shallow. They actually come from the carpet’s fabric. Typically, these are the remains of detergents you use while cleaning. These stains are common when you use traditional cleaning and rinsing methods, which leave behind soap and shampoo residue that could even result in mildew.

The residue will attract all manner of dirt and dust. It can turn out to be a nightmare for those living in areas with high traffic. Anyone stepping on the carpet in their shoes will leave soil in the fabric.

As long as you are using convention carpet cleaning methods, the residue never goes away. Even if you try vacuuming it, the stains will keep showing up.

You are dealing with a residue problem if the stains appear a week or longer after cleaning. The sad conclusion is that the cleaning method you are using cannot take out the residue..

 

What Is Carpet Shampooing?

Carpet shampooing is similar to steam cleaning in that high temperature and high pressure are combined to clean the floor, and this cleaning method adds the additional element of carpet shampoo. In many cases, this is a dry foam cleaning agent, but your professional may use an alternative shampoo method. These elements are combined to create a thick lather that effectively loosens dirt so that it can be extracted. The cleaning machine usually has rotating brushes that provide suitable agitation to loosen more dirt and even to scrub away deep stains that have been engrained in carpet fibers. Carpet shampooing includes the additional step of rinsing the carpet with fresh, hot water. This moisture must then be thoroughly extracted with a powerful vacuum.

Mold Inspection Tips

HOW TO ELIMINATE BLACK MOLD WITH AMMONIA

Wear a respirator and gloves when working with ammonia-based mold cleaning products. Never mix ammonia with chlorinated bleach

Open nearby windows or doors to get a cross-flow of air to dissipate any fumes generated by your cleaning (small mold cleanup projects – large jobs will require negative air pressure and sealing off area to prevent mold spores from escaping throughout residence)

  • Combine ammonia and water in 50/50 proportions.
  • Pour the solution into a spray bottle and spray contaminated areas evenly.
  • Allow the mold killing solution to sit for 5 or 10 minutes.
  • ​Scour mold tarnished area with a small brush or equivalent and wipe clean.
  • Repeat if necessary.

Often enough, many mold killing products will have ammonia already in them. Be extra cautious to follow the directions on the label to the letter and ensure that the cleanser is never mixed with bleach (in part or whole)!

Otherwise, ammonia is similar to using bleach in that it should only be used on non-porous areas – Always wear gloves when working with any chemical and wash hands immediately, thereafter!

 

Mold Removal with Borax

There are many advantages to using borax to kill mold. For starters, borax is a natural cleaning product and although it is toxic if you swallow it, borax does not emit chemicals or dangerous fumes like some other mold killers. Borax, a white mineral powder, has a pH level of about 9 (baking soda is pH 8.1 and pH 7 is neutral) and a low toxicity.

Borax is commonly used as a deodorizer as well as for cleaning toilets and drains. Borax is also used as an insecticide, herbicide and fungicide and it can be mixed with water in a solution to kill and remove mold as it is a natural mold inhibitor. You can buy borax in supermarkets for a few dollars from the laundry section.

How to Kill Mold with Borax

  • To kill mold using borax, create a borax-water solution using a ratio of 1 cup of borax per gallon of water.
  • Vacuum up any loose mold with a HEPA filtered vacuum cleaner to lessen the number of spores stirred up into the air during the cleaning process.
  • Use a scrubbing brush with the borax-water solution to scrub the mold off the surface.
  • Wipe up any extra moisture and excess mold particles or dust/debris to prevent them spreading into the air once the surface has dried.
  • You don’t need to rinse off the borax as the solution will prevent more mold beginning to grow on the surface again.
  • Leave the surface to dry completely.

 

How Do You Use Vinegar to Clean Mold?

To safely and effectively clean a small area of mold, ServiceMaster advises the following:

  • Add full-strength white distilled vinegar to a spray bottle and spray it on the mold.
  • Let it sit for at least an hour before wiping away mold.
  • If you need follow-up scrubbing, combine one teaspoon baking soda with two cups of water. Pour it into a spray bottle, shake and spray it onto the mold. Scrub with a brush or scouring pad.
  • Rinse with warm water, then spray again with the vinegar and let it dry.

To protect yourself from mold and its spores, wear gloves, a mask and goggles. Gloves also prevent any skin irritation from the vinegar.

Where Not to Use Vinegar to Kill Mold

Because of vinegar’s acidity, it can damage some surfaces. We don’t recommended using vinegar on natural stone, waxed wood, cast iron or aluminum.

 

How to Remove Mold with Baking Soda

Unlike bleach, baking soda won’t harm or discolor the tiles or present any health hazards to the occupants of the home. It will clean the affected area very well, but won’t be as efficient in killing the mold spores as bleach.

There are several different ways you can use baking soda to clean the tiles and grout in your home:

  • Mix 1/2 cup baking soda with one gallon of water and spray the mixture on the affected area. Wait for about half an hour, then rinse the surfaces thoroughly with warm water;
  • Dip a damp sponge into pure baking soda and scrub down the tiles and grout with it. Rinse with warm water;
  • Stir 1/2 cup of baking soda and several teaspoons of water to make a paste you can spread directly over the mold. Apply the paste to the moldy grout, let it sit for 10 minutes, then scrub away with a bristle brush. Rinse with water and repeat, if necessary.

 

How To Remove Mold From Shower Caulk

Mold on shower caulk can be a little more difficult to remove sometimes, so the procedure is slightly different.

To remove mold from shower caulking you will need:

  • A small bowl or similar to mix a solution in
  • Some Bleach
  • Protective gloves
  • A respirator mask
  • Baking soda
  • Plastic wrap (the stuff from your kitchen is fine)
  • A disposable paint brush

Once you have your items, use the following steps to remove mold from shower caulk:

  • Put some baking soda in your bowl and slowly add small amounts of bleach until you have a paste-like substance (make more than you need, you don’t want to run out and this is cheap stuff)
  • Grab the paint brush and use it to apply the paste to the mold
  • Use the plastic wrap to cover the paste on the mold – this may be a bit difficult depending on the location – just do what you can
  • Leave it to sit for at least 1 – 2 hours
  • Remove the plastic covering and clean off the paste (which may have dried out). If your mold is gone then you are done. If the mold is still there then start again

Surprising Ways Clogged Toilet Hurts The Environment

What to do When Your Toilet is Clogged

Picture your worst nightmare coming true: a clogged and overflowing toilet! You’re not sure how it happened. Maybe it was the ultra-plush 2-ply toilet paper, or maybe it was the takeout from last night? You can’t be sure, but that doesn’t matter at the moment because all you can focus on is the torrent of water that’s rushing out of your toilet and onto your bathroom floor

There are few things in the world that cause more panic and disgust than a malfunctioning toilet. Unfortunately, it’s something that everyone will probably have to deal with at some point. It’s a dirty job, but somebody has to do it. Menards® is here to help you slog through the chore of unclogging your toilet and prevent it from ever happening again. Don’t worry; you can thank us later (after you’ve washed your hands).

The first and most important thing to do is to STOP flushing. If the first flush doesn’t work, the second will only make things worse. Your biggest priority now is preventing your toilet from overflowing. If it is already starting to overflow, turn off the water valve, which should be located at the base of your toilet. If your toilet doesn’t have one, just cut off water to your bathroom or toilet if possible. If your toilet is simply clogged and not overflowing, you shouldn’t have to worry about turning off the water.

Take the lid off of the toilet and close the flapper (the little contraption that looks like a drain stopper attached to a chain) at the bottom of the tank. Now don’t chicken out, the water in there is clean.

If your toilet bowl is nearly overflowing with water or you’re worried about a mess, place newspapers, paper towels, or old towels on the floor, open a window, and find some rubber gloves. If you’re (un)fortunate enough to realize that the obstruction causing the clog is something that can’t be flushed (children’s toy, bathroom product, etc.), it’s time to fish that thing out of there.

 

Unique Ways to Clear a Clogged Toilet

Calling a plumbing contractor to clean up your blocked toilet is just one of the most convenient ways to solve the issue. Sadly most of the professional plumbers ask for up-wards of 100 dollars for the task. It might be rather unpleasant to spend that much of money in this time of economic crisis and job reduction.  However, the good news is there are some unique ways you can unclog that toilet yourself without having to call in an expensive plumber

Wire

Yet another simple, yet effective device that helps in unclogging toilets is the wire. This extensively available item can be utilized to get to inside the bowl and delete items like plastic bags, etc. that cannot flush down the drain. You do not need to purchase a wire from the market. Simply take any commonly utilized product like a hangar and straighten it to make a wire. A pliable rubber pipeline can be an excellent substitute for a wire and can easily be made use of to clean a clogged pipe line.

Boiling Water and Dish Cleaning Agent

If the boiling water alone is inadequate, perhaps a pot of steaming water and detergent should work. Pour about a 1/4 cup of your preferred green cleaning agent, and let it to lube the lodged object while you wait for the water to boil. Pour in the boiling water making certain not to spray on yourself and hope that it will work … or else you might need to get a little messy.

Baking Soda and Vinegar

Adding a cup of baking soda as well as white vinegar and pouring down a sink drain has actually been known to unplug it, and could manage a toilet. This is of the toilet is not so loaded with water that the mix will end up too diluted when added in the bowl. If this is the case, then move right to the steaming water and dish detergent technique.

Tapping to Unclog Toilet

Giving your toilet a little tap is something you want to attempt first. It is fast and straightforward and all that is required is your shoe or your plunger’s wood handle. You will notice on the edge of your toilet, where you sit, and locate the bulge behind it that looks like a snake. This is the area you will want to tap with a soft object that is softer than the porcelain to ensure you do not break it. Your shoe’s rubber sole can be sufficient but if not utilize the plastic or wood handle of your plunger and begin tapping lightly on this snake bulge on the toilet. You will be impressed. If it does not function initially continue while utilizing the above steps as well and you should probably get it to work.

 

SAFE AND EFFECTIVE TOILET DECLOGGER

Let me tell you, I was one happy homeowner upon discovering this simple, cheap, and safe DIY Drano solution!  That’s because a plumber visit costs at least $150 and Drano and Liquid Plumbr scare the snot out of me.  Seriously, listen to the warnings from the Liquid Plumbr company itself about the dangers of its product

“…Never use Liquid-Plumr with other drain-cleaning products. The bleach contained in Liquid-Plumr can react with other chemicals, such as ammonia, to create toxic vapors. Also, use of a plunger can be dangerous, as the product can damage skin, eyes and mucus membranes on contact…Handling lye in any form can cause chemical burns and skin damage, and ingesting it can result in permanent injury or death.”

The best part, besides the fact that this all-natural DIY Drano actually works, is that it only requires two CHEAP ingredients out of my kitchen cabinets. Check out this DIY Drano recipe my 3-year-old could make and administer to said clogged toilet

ALL-NATURAL DIY DRANO RECIPE

1) Into a clogged toilet filled with standing water, dump 1 cup of baking soda.  Let it sink to the bottom.

2) If the toilet doesn’t have much water, add 1 gallon of boiling water to really get things moving.

3) Next, add 2 cups of vinegar slowly, so it won’t fizz over onto your floor.  Ickkk!

4) Let it sit for a couple of hours and see if the water has drained.  If it has not, let it sit overnight and then plunge, if needed, before flushing.

Tonight, I tossed in the DIY Drano and let it sit for a couple of hours.  When I returned, the standing water was gone and the toilet flushed right away!  However, the first time I used this all-natural DIY Drano recipe, I had to let the concoction sit overnight in the toilet.  After a good plunging, it began to work a little better.  I used the DIY Drano one more time, and after a few hours, the toilet was completely unclogged.

 

Ask A Plumber: The Best Way To Clean Your Drains

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Sometimes as you’re staring at a clogged drain or leaking pipe, you wish you had a plumber friend you could call to ask for some free advice. Then you could fix your plumbing problems without paying a dime (or at least not as much as a plumber may charge you to go out and diagnose or fix the problem).

Don’t use chemical drain cleaners

First thing first, Nelson does not recommend using any type of chemical drain cleaner on your pipes. If you have a clog, it’s better to try and remove it by plunging or snaking the drain.

According to ConsumerReports.org, most chemical drain cleaners are more trouble than they’re worth. Some react with aluminum and give off unhealthy gas, can solidify inside the pipes and can’t be removed, or mix with other household cleaners and cause the mixture to burst out of the drain. Crystal Chemical drain cleaners are extremely hazardous and can end up damaging your pipes, garbage disposal, and septic system. Liquid, foam and gel cleaners can also cause damage to pipes and usually aren’t as effective taking at least 30 minutes to eat through a clog.

Bathroom Sink and Tub Drains

According to Nelson, the number one cause of bathroom sink clogs is from toothpaste and long hair. If you have a clog in your bathroom sink or tub

 

things you should never flush down your toilet

Our home toilets are not trash cans made for dumping personal care and hygiene products. Here’s what you shouldn’t flush down the loo. There are only three things that you can flush down the toilet – urine, feces and toilet paper. In other words, human waste, or the three Ps: pee, poo, and paper.

The wastewater journey usually takes one of two directions. It either heads by way of a pipe to your community’s local sewer, or into a septic tank close to your home. Before it reaches your local treatment plant, wastewater goes through a screen of metal rods that filter larger objects and items that get into the sewers.

From there, it all goes to the settling tank where solids like sand and gravel that have been picked along the way settle to the bottom. These early treatment stations are also responsible for removing other “flushables.”

Did you know that 50 percent of the so-called non-dispersible material in wastewater is paper towels from public restrooms, followed by 25 percent of baby wipes, and then a mixture of condoms, cosmetic wipes, tampon applicators, and other items’? Finally, and after traveling through the primary sedimentation tanks, wastewater continues its cleaning process via aeration tanks, new settling tanks and, in some cases, tertiary treatment facilities where it is disinfected with chlorine and/or ultraviolet (UV) light.

In the end, and in the most advanced sewage treatment systems, we may get recycled water that can be used in agriculture or for human consumption. However, no sewage system is perfect. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), only 27 percent of the global population (around 1.9 billion people) use private sanitation facilities connected to sewers from which wastewater is treated.